Familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (FNDI) is a degenerative disorder in which vasopressin-secreting neurons degenerate over time due to the production of mutant proteins. We have demonstrated therapeutic effects of chemical chaperones in an FNDI mouse model, but the complexity and length of this evaluation were problematic. In this study, we established disease-specific mouse induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from FNDI-model mice and differentiated vasopressin neurons that produced mutant proteins. Fluorescence immunostaining showed that chemical chaperones appeared to protect vasopressin neurons generated from iPSCs derived from FNDI model mice. Although KCL stimulation released vasopressin hormone from vasopressin neurons generated from FNDI-derived iPSCs, vasopressin hormone levels did not differ significantly between baseline and chaperone-added culture. Semi-quantification of vasopressin carrier protein and mutant protein volumes in vasopressin neurons confirmed that chaperones exerted a therapeutic effect. This research provides fundamental technology for creating in vitro disease models using human iPSCs and can be applied to therapeutic evaluation of various degenerative diseases that produce abnormal proteins.